Concussion Leading To C.T.E
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), is a progressive neurodegenerative disease found in people with a history of repeated brain trauma. This brain trauma includes symptomatic concussions as well as injuries to the head that do not cause immediate symptoms. The disease was previously called dementia pugilistica (DP) because it was previously seen in boxers. At the present time, Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) can only be diagnosed postmortem.
The incidence and prevalence of this disease is unknown. There is current research being done at Boston University Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy (CSTE) to learn more about this neurodegenerative disease. Many cases of CTE have shown up in football players and boxers. In September 2015, the CSTE announced that CTE had been identified in 87 of 91 former NFL players, or 96% of the sample. The disease has also been found in players of other physical contact sports such as wrestling, mixed martial arts, soccer, rugby, and ice hockey.
The typical signs and symptoms of CTE include changes in mood and memory loss. In addition, there are behavioral changes. These changes include depression, impulsiveness, aggressiveness, anger, irritability, suicidal behavior, and eventual progression to dementia. These changes are usually seen decades after the injury.
If you have experienced a mild traumatic brain injury then you will probably start by seeing your family doctor or primary care physician. Your doctor may refer you to a neurologist, psychiatrist, or neuropsychologist for further evaluation. In addition, the treating doctor may send you for additional testing such as MRI, DTI, EEG and neuropsychological testing.
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